BEST VARIETIES FOR GROWING CUCUMBERS IN GREENHOUSES GIVE YEAR ROUND YEAR
The high productivity and unpretentiousness of the conditions when growing cucumbers has allowed many entrepreneurs to pay attention to this culture. In a short time and with minimal investment, you can start a business for growing green vegetables. The essence of the activity is simple: we put greenhouses, we install equipment for lighting, heating and watering – we grow and sell cucumbers all year round. And there will be demand. The population prefers fresh and fragrant vegetables of domestic production, rather than imported products devoid of taste and smell.
Growing cucumbers at home does not require large investments, and the high demand for finished products is round code, which allows home, greenhouse businesses to quickly reach the payback point (in less than half a year). And if you apply new refreshment technologies to improve the photosynthesis of plants, you can get higher yields from each square meter of the greenhouse without the use of chemical fertilizers.
TECHNICAL COMPONENT OF BUSINESS
Greenhouse for cucumbers. We will proceed from the fact that we already have a personal plot. At least 5-6 acres are free from household and residential buildings. You can, of course, rent land. Make it easy. And pay a little.
But! Agricultural business involves constant attention from the entrepreneur. It is necessary to water and process plants in a timely manner from diseases, take crops, maintain the temperature of the soil and air in the greenhouse. It’s easier to do all this while in place.
What equipment will be needed to grow cucumbers in a greenhouse in winter using modern technologies?
Greenhouses. The best option is a modern durable polycarbonate on a lightweight metal structure. The width of the structure should not be more than five meters. To minimize heating and lighting costs, it is better to make a recess 1 m high inside the greenhouse. The walls of this trench must be strengthened. From below it is easier to remove weeds and harvest from bushes located on the “surface”. It turns out a kind of two-story structure: above the ground – 0.9-1m, underground – 1m. Heat loss less – pay less for heating.
The boiler and the network of pipes closed to it. The heating unit must be universal: run on gas, solid and liquid fuels. The pipe system is designed to warm the air in the greenhouse and the layer of fertile soil. In such a situation, plants will have to be planted so that the root system does not overheat. Subsequently, when the business gains momentum, an “extra penny” will appear, you can upgrade the greenhouse with a “warm floor” system.
Lamps. New technologies can safely achieve high yields with low-cost lighting devices. Thanks to special LED lamps with radiation from the electromagnetic spectrum (as in sunlight), the quality of the photosynthesis process increases. A program control unit allows you to adjust the photoperiod, color temperature, light spectrum and return to obtain the best yields in a short period. On the one hand, these lamps are more expensive than conventional lamps, but everyone knows that LEDs consume the least amount of electricity. Accordingly, the costs will pay off after some time due to savings, not to mention higher yields. Such LED lamps can enhance photosynthesis when growing cucumbers in the basement and even in barrels.
Auto watering system. At the initial stage, when money is limited, you can bring hoses to the beds and connect them to the electric drive (press the button – watering starts). While the plants are small and weak, a millimeter nozzle is placed on the ends of the hoses. Then it changes by 5-8 mm.
We outline the approximate investments in the business on cucumbers.
BEST VARIETIES OF CUCUMBERS FOR GREENHOUSES
Varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse. To get a large harvest all year round we will choose from the best parthenocarpic varieties and hybrids. These are shade-tolerant cucumbers, forming an ovary without pollination. Thus, these varieties allow you to grow cucumbers on the balcony, windowsill, and not just in the greenhouse and greenhouses. They do not need bee access for pollination and plentiful lighting.
Their only drawback is that they will not be able to collect seeds for themselves next year. Every year you have to buy new seeds of cucumbers for the greenhouse.