Growing carrots in open ground for business
Carrots are a root crop that is in demand all year round among all segments of the population. So if there is demand, and even year-round, why not consider growing carrots as one of the types of stable constant earnings. We will introduce you to the basic rules and features of growing red root vegetables in the agricultural business industry.
All you need for a carrot business:
Land (share, rented land, personal plot or even a summer house). Depending on who owns the land, the expenditure part of your activity changes.
Equipment. Depending on the area allotted for planting carrots, you may need different inventory and equipment. This can be an ordinary chopper, or garden equipment (walk-behind tractor, cultivator, etc.) agricultural machinery.
Staff. You may need to hire helpers to control weeds (this is the main disadvantage of this business idea, which can be avoided without chemistry, read below).
Seeds of prolific varieties. Choosing varieties for planting this root crop, you need to decide which carrots you will grow. Will this product be processed (canning, juice production, etc.) or root crops for storage and further sale to consumers.
Fertilizers and drugs for pest and disease control.
Storehouse or reliable place of sale for the crop.
Due to its qualities, carrots take a leading place among root crops consumed in food. It is also not unimportant that this type of root crop is a very frost-resistant vegetable; it can withstand small frosts up to -5 degrees. Already at a plus temperature of 4-6 degrees, carrot seeds begin to germinate. But still, the most suitable temperature for germination is + 18-21 degrees.
Consider the benefits of a carrot growing business idea. It retains its presentation and useful properties for a long time. Harvest can be delivered to markets, large supermarkets and restaurants all year round without fear of residues in storage.
Growing a “queen of vegetables” for processing for wholesale is also beneficial. Indeed, many canneries and baby food factories purchase this product continuously. Carrot juice or puree is part of most juices and baby foods. In store-canned products, carrots are found in various types of vegetable caviar and spins.
The cost of growing is not great for itself, because it does not require special costs for its cultivation and storage. Minimal costs for pest and disease control, which she has much less than other root vegetables. And the carrot yield is quite high and amounts to 40-80 t / ha. root vegetables. And the carrot yield is quite high and amounts to 40-80 t / ha.
PREPARING SOIL BEFORE CARROT GROWING
Soil preparation. As it is not surprising, the carrot yield depends not only on the variety, quality of the seed, but also on the cultivation technology. It begins with two stages of preparation:
The soil. The most suitable soil for a carrot field is a field after legumes or potatoes. Fields after these crops have virtually no weeds. The soil for planting carrots should be loose, not clogged and not watery. In spring, it is necessary to loosen the soil before sowing seeds.
Fertilizers Fertilize the soil before planting carrots. If you welcome ECO products, remember that organic fertilizers such as manure are not suitable. Fertilize the field with manure no earlier than a year before the start of planting. Before sowing seeds, you can add an aqueous solution of humus. In any case, organic matter must be brought into the ground before the autumn plowing. Excellent fertilizers for carrot root crops are phosphorus and potash fertilizers. The amount of fertilizer is calculated depending on the fertility of the soil. On average, phosphorus fertilizers use 80-100 kg / ha, and potash fertilizers 150-200 kg / ha. Higher use of potash fertilizers (20-30% more nitrogen) will increase the shelf life of the product. All these types of fertilizers are applied in the fall before plowing.
CARROT SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT BY VARIETIES
Carrot varieties. Before growing carrots, you need to plan an implementation strategy. And depending on the markets, choose the right variety. Seeds must be selected in advance. There are seeds of hybrids (better Dutch), granular seeds, seeds on a tape, processed seeds and not processed. Each variety differs among themselves not only in appearance and taste, but also in yield and shelf life.
Amsterdam carrots have an excellent presentation, high taste, lends itself well to winter storage, but gives average yields.