GROWING SWEET PEPPERS IN A GREENHOUSE FOR SALE OF AN EXPENSIVE PRODUCT
Sweet pepper is considered vitamin doping and an antidepressant. It is especially useful for our cardiovascular system. He also has aromatic taste and is often used in cooking. For these and many other reasons, the demand for sweet peppers is always stable.
Wholesale prices for sweet peppers are in the range of 0.7 $ -1 $. The average retail price is $ 1.5. One of the most expensive vegetable crops on the market!
The ripening time of early ripening varieties from transplanting seedlings to fruiting is 50-55 days. And the yield of sweet pepper in the greenhouse often reaches 18 kg per square meter.
These and other benefits attract farmers to grow sweet peppers in the greenhouse. After all, this solution gives from 1 square meter a larger crop than with open ground. The temperature conditions required for the active growth of this vegetable crop are 25-30 degrees, it is much easier to maintain them in the greenhouse.
To organize a pepper growing business, you will need:
Pepper seeds of the variety you are interested in.
Plot of land.
Container and transport for the sale of grown products.
It’s important to choose the varieties you are best at. There are frequent cases when vegetable growers choose a variety because of its beauty, and it turns out to be one of the most “capricious” in care. The more you learn about each particular variety, the better you can get.
BEST VARIETIES OF SWEET PEPPER FOR GREENHOUSES
Multi-colored varieties of fruits. It is not easy to choose the appropriate varieties of pepper for a greenhouse, because there are a lot of species today, more than 500 (including hybrids). A number of varieties were bred specifically for indoor cultivation. The most prolific of them are “Orange Miracle”, “Winnie the Pooh”, “Tenderness”.
One of the best early ripening varieties for both the greenhouse and the open ground is considered the “Apricot Favorite”. The Atlant variety stands out. It is classified as early ripe and mid-ripening. It stands out for its compactness and fertility.
One of the most precocious is considered to be the Cardinal variety, which is excellent for greenhouse conditions. The maturity of the latter does not actually exceed 100 days. The height of the bush of this variety can reach more than 1 meter.
Pests and sweet pepper diseases in the greenhouse
Sweet pepper is sick. Diseases and pests of peppers can appear when grown even in greenhouse conditions.
Sweet pepper is a rather capricious plant, and it is quite difficult to grow it. Therefore, its cost is always at a high level. As already mentioned, this is not a cheap greenhouse crop. With sudden changes in temperature, the plant can become sick, at a temperature below +10 a plaque and a heel of purple color appear.
Among other common diseases, vertex rot is worth highlighting, it is not infectious, and appears when there is a violation of the moisture regime and recharge. Pepper can be treated by adding a handful of ash under the bush in time, which will alkalize the soil.
The viral disease of the pillars is also common, due to which the plant stops growing, the leaves fade and the fruits turn yellow. It is carried by various pests. Alternariosis, or black mold, manifests itself in the form of brown spots covering leaves, stems and fruits. The aphid is considered the most dangerous pest.
Growing seedlings of sweet pepper in home conditions
Flowering of sweet pepper. Before planting pepper in a greenhouse, you need to grow seedlings at home. Seeds are recommended to be planted from February to March. Before landing, they are usually kept in warm water for several hours. The soil for seeds should consist of soil, peat and humus in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
The optimum soil Ph should be at 6.4-6.8. One or two seeds are buried to a depth of approximately 2 cm. The distance between the seeds should be 1.5-2 centimeters, and between the beds – 5-6 centimeters.
In order for the seedlings to ascend successfully, you need to constantly maintain a temperature of + 25- + 27 degrees in the greenhouse. It is important to provide abundant lighting for 12-14 hours daily, for this you can use lamps. The plant requires frequent, but not plentiful watering. It is recommended to carry out drainage so that the water does not stagnate in the soil. Supplementation in the form of mineral fertilizers is given once every 10 days.
The first shoots appear on the 5-10th day. Please note that after the sprouts rise, the temperature regime needs to be slightly changed. Immediately after the formation of seedlings, the temperature drops to + 15 … + 18 degrees for 2 days, after which it needs to be maintained in the region of + 22 … + 25 degrees during the day, and + 15 … + 18 at night.
Seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse from mid-March to April, it is important to ensure a temperature of about + 15 … + 18 degrees. The thickness of the soil should be at least 25 cm. Despite the fact that sweet pepper is a very heat-loving plant, in case of temperature increase to +35 degrees, the bushes should be shaded.