CULTIVATION OF CUCUMBERS ON THE BALCONY AND THE SILL AS A HOME BUSINESS
In the summer we enjoy fresh vegetables and fruits, because in huge quantities you can buy them in supermarkets and in the market. If you want to enjoy crispy, juicy, and, most importantly, natural cucumbers in the winter, then you can start growing cucumbers on the balcony in plastic bottles or pots.
Having mastered the features of growing these vegetables, you can create a full-fledged business, which over time will become not only a small part-time job, but also a full-fledged source of income!
All you need to organize a home business is a place (a balcony is best), seeds, containers (bottles, pots or other containers) and equipment for care.
Varieties of cucumbers for growing on the balcony
Variety of cucumbers Bianca. When choosing varieties of cucumbers for growing on a windowsill in winter, it is worth considering that the microclimate of these fruits at home in winter differs from the outdoor conditions in the garden in summer. Therefore, the seeds should be, as far as possible, self-pollinated. Experts advise to pay attention to the varieties:
Arranging a balcony for growing cucumbers for sale does not take much time. You just need to free up enough space for the pots, and make sure that the room is not too cold or dry. Do not put pots near batteries or close to windows if they transmit cold well. In winter, cucumbers will need plentiful lighting 6-12 hours a day, so some owners use artificial light sources. On average, from one bush you get 30-40 pieces of fruit. Calculate how many fruits you would like to sell and how much profit to make, and based on these calculations, you can calculate the required number of bushes.
Cucumbers are one of the most unpretentious vegetables, so the process of growing them at home will take a minimum of time. In any season, this vegetable will be in demand from a large number of buyers, especially since your potential customers will know for sure that the cucumbers are natural and homemade.
CARE FOR CUCUMBERS ON THE BALCONY DURING THE GROWTH:
Cucumbers are hanging.
Cucumbers have a short growing season. After 3.5-4 weeks after planting, the plant begins to bear fruit, and 3 months after this, the bush needs to be changed.
To ensure good pollination during the flowering period, the pot with cucumbers should be lightly shaken once a day.
When growing cucumbers on the balcony, pinching is carried out after at least 5 leaves appear on the bush.
Even the most undemanding varieties of cucumbers are capricious to environmental conditions. These fruits do not tolerate heat, dryness, cold. It is important to spray them from the spray gun at least 2 times a day, to ensure constant soil moisture in the pot. Also remember that pots should not be placed close to an icy window or batteries.
Abundant watering is also harmful, especially at the beginning of flowering, as various diseases can occur due to it.
You need to “feed” cucumbers regularly, about once every 10 days, alternating organic approvals with mineral fertilizers.
It is important to collect ripened cucumbers in time so that they do not rot and do not deteriorate.
HOW TO GROW CUCUMBERS ON THE BALCONY?
Seedlings on the balcony. First you need to germinate the seeds. They are placed in wet gauze and laid out in the sun. Pre-seeds can also be soaked in a light manganese solution for 2.5-3 hours. Those that pop up, it is advisable not to plant. Today you can buy pre-treated seeds, they have a shell of red or green. Seeds can be placed in the soil when their roots have grown by 5-10 millimeters.
Seeds are planted in pairs, this can be done in pots or first in cups or bottles with further transplantation. The second method is longer and more laborious, but thanks to it, low-quality sprouts can be weeded out. Transplant sprouts from glasses into pots after 4 weeks after emergence. When planting the sprouts immediately in the pot, you need to cover them with a film until the shoots appear.
For normal growth, cucumbers need moist soil (about 80-85%), very humid air (up to 95%) and warm ambient temperature (about +20 degrees). The size of the pot for growing cucumbers on the balcony can be different, the volume of 3-4 liters and a diameter of 10 centimeters are considered optimal.
You can buy soil for plants in specialized stores, or you can prepare it yourself. Experts advise to mix turf land, peat, dung humus and fine sawdust in equal parts. Some add nitrophoska (1 tablespoon), a teaspoon of urea and a glass of woody soil (per 1 bucket of soil) to the prepared soil.