Growing Column-shaped Apple Trees of High-Harvest Varieties
Column-shaped apple trees are popular with small farmers. These trees begin to bear fruit a couple of years after planting, give large yields of wholesome fruits. Their apples are distinguished by their excellent taste, they perfectly decorate the garden and do not take up much space. Due to this, the average yield of columnar apple trees is 140 tons / ha, with a standard planting scheme of 20,000 seedlings per 1 hectare. You can plant a profitable garden even on a small plot of land.
High demand for goods due to the versatility of the fruit. In addition, they make: juice, preserves, compotes, drying, marmalade, sauces, salt, use as a side dish for poultry, etc. The indicator of long-term storage of such products allows us to talk about the success of the business. However, there is its own specificity.
PROFITABILITY OF CULTIVATION OF COLONiform APPLE
Column-shaped apple trees in the garden. Let’s try to calculate the profitability of such a business. Planting 200 seedlings of trees on the 1st hundredth will cost $ 1600 based on the purchase of seedlings at $ 8 / pc. This is the average retail price for grades, but if you buy in bulk it will be cheaper.
fertilizer at planting – $ 200 ($ 1 for each seedling);
monthly soil fertilizer – $ 80 for 1 season (5 months) = $ 400;
medicines or preventive drugs – $ 100 / season.
The total amount for starting a business will be $ 2,300 per one hundredth.
The approximate profit from the sale of apples is simple enough to calculate. After three years, the trees will bear about 8 kg of fruit. Gathering a crop from all 200 apple trees, you get an amount of $ 1600 per year if you sell all apples at retail at an average price of $ 1 / kg. If you sell in bulk, for example, for processing to juice producers, then the income will be much lower – about $ 500 for 1.6 tons. In this business, the best solution is to combine retail and wholesale distribution paths.
Do not forget that next year the apple trees will give an even larger crop. Accordingly, profits will grow annually. Having organized proper tree care, and finding good points of sale of fruits, you can get decent profits from small plots of land.
VARIETY OF VARIETIES OF COLUMN-APPLE APPLE BY VARIETIES
Varieties of columnar apple trees with a photo and description:
Photo of varieties Name Description Productivity from one tree
Yabloko President. President Tree height up to 3 meters. The variety is early, but winter hardy. Transferring the transplant painlessly. The mass of fruits is 140 g-250 g. 10 kg.
Apple Arbat. Arbat Fruits of 100-120 g, late summer ripeness. Variety with high productivity and prone to overload branches. 12 kg
Apple Currency. Apple’s currency weighing 140-250 g of late ripeness, but for a long time they retain their presentation. 9 kg
Apple Medoc. Medok Fruit weight 100-250 g, great for processing. Medoc has exceptional winter hardiness, withstands frosts of -40C. 7 kg
Apple Barguzin. Barguzin An unpretentious tree in care and takes root in all climatic zones. Skoroplodny in the second year already gives 7 kg per tree. 11 kg
Apple Chervonets. Chervonets Large-fruited variety. 180-250 g each apple weighs. Resistant to frost, disease and pests. 10 kg
Apple Iksha. Iksha Skoroplodny variety begins to bear fruit from the first year. Fruits of 100-180 g. 7-8 kg.
Chinese red apple. Chinese red. Small fruits of 20 g with a high tasting rating and a long shelf life. Good for recycling. 10 kg
Apple Legend. Legend Winter variety ripens in the first decade of December. Fruits 160 – 250 g. 12 kg
Apple Dialog. Dialog Early ripe apples can be harvested at the end of July. Apples are medium and large for 100-200 g. 7 kg.
Apple Macintosh. Mac The first variety of columnar apples (bred in Canada). Winter hardiness is average, resistance to diseases and pests is weak. The main advantage of the variety is that it tastes delicious with an excellent marketable appearance, weighing 150-180 g, have excellent transportability and keeping quality. 8 kg
Apple Amber Necklace. Amber necklace The quick-growing variety begins to produce crops from the first year. Fruits 140-170 g. The variety has a very high yield for the first 3 years of 5 kg, and after 5 years 12-15 kg from one tree. Good resistance to winters, diseases and pests. 12-15 kg.
Apple Vasyugan. Vasyugan Winter-hardy species withstands frosts down to -42C. But the fruits ripen in the summer. Apple 150-200 g. An important advantage of the variety is a long period of active fruiting, which lasts up to 17 years. Moreover, it bears fruit from the first year. The height of the tree reaches 3 meters. 10 kg